EuroEducation.Net
   The European Education Directory



Search 900+ Universities for Bachelor, Master, Diploma & Professional Courses

Match term in Index:


Use the SEARCH above or browse by country and program of study




Arts & Humanities


Business & Economics


Engineering & Technology


MBA & Management


Science





Belarus



Structure of Educational System
Admissions to Higher Education and Recognition  of Foreign Credentials 
Student Life 
International Cooperation and Exchanges   

INSTITUTION TYPES & CREDENTIALS

Types of higher education institutions:

University

Academy

Institute

Higher College

 

School leaving and higher education credentials:

Attestat o Srednem Obrazovanii

Diplom o Srednem Spetsialnom Obrazovanii

Diploma of  Vocational Education

Bakalavr

Diplom o Vyshem Obrazovanii (First university level)

Diplom o Vyshem Obrazovanii (Second university level)

Magistr

Kandidat Nauk

Doktor Nauk

 

 

STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM

Pre-higher education:

Duration of compulsory education:

Age of entry: 6

Age of exit: 15

Structure of school system:

Primary

Type of school providing this education: Primary School

Length of program in years: 4

Age level from: 6 to: 10

Basic

Type of school providing this education: Basic Secondary School

Length of program in years: 5

Age level from: 10 to: 15

Certificate/diploma awarded: Svidetel'stvo o Bazovom Obrazovanii (Certificate of Basic Education)

General Secondary

Type of school providing this education: Gymnasium, Lyceum, College

Length of program in years: 2

Age level from: 15 to: 17

Certificate/diploma awarded: Attestat o Srednem Obrazovanii (Certificate of Secondary Education)

Specialized Secondary

Type of school providing this education: Specialized Secondary School (Technicum)

Length of program in years: 4

Age level from: 15 to: 19

Certificate/diploma awarded: Diplom o Srednem Spetsialnom Obrazovanii (Diploma of Specialized Secondary Education)

Vocational

Type of school providing this education: Vocational School

Length of program in years: 3

Age level from: 15 to: 18

Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma of Vocational Education (duration of studies 1 to 3 years depending on previous education: if after secondary school, only 1 year)

School education:

School education is divided into three levels: primary (4 years), basic (9 years) and secondary (11 years). A child can be admitted to school at 6 or 7 years of age. Primary education is given in primary schools, 1-4 grades in secondary schools and 1-4 grades in gymnasiums. Basic education is compulsory for all children. It is provided in basic schools, 5-9 classes of secondary schools and 5-9 classes of gymnasiums. At the end of basic education, a Certificate of Basic Education is awarded.9th grade graduates have three possibilities: 1) Third stage of school education (10-11th grades); 2) Vocational/technical establishments; 3) Technicums. In secondary education, pupils continue to study in secondary schools 10-11th grades, grammar schools or lyceums. School-leavers are given a Certificate of Secondary Education.General secondary education is provided by general secondary schools, gymnasiums, lyceums and colleges, as well as in first courses of specialised and technical schools. Gymnasiums provide general secondary education at a higher level. Lyceums provide vocationally-oriented education that completes general secondary education. As a rule, lyceums use the teachers and educational facilities of universities and research institutes. Colleges provide general secondary education that is strongly oriented towards vocational training and award qualifications of "special secondary education".  Vocational and technical education are provided by schools where students acquire professional and vocational skills together with general secondary education. Vocational and technical education complement the basic (9 years) education and general secondary education (11 years). In the former case, training lasts for three years  and leads to a particular trade. In the latter case, training lasts for one year and leads to students acquiring a trade. At present, there are 249 vocational-technical schools. Specialized secondary education lasts for two to four years depending on whether students have followed basic or general secondary education. Specialized secondary education establishments include technicums, technical schools and colleges. Colleges are a new type of institution in Belarus. They provide advanced specialist training. At present, there are 149 state specialized secondary education institutions, 55 technicums, 41 colleges, 53 intermediate occupational education institutions, 5 higher colleges and 7 non state specialized secondary education institutions. A General Secondary School Reform is being implemented. The new model of general secondary education will include three levels: 1-4 years of study (preparatory 1-3 classes) - primary general education; 5-10th years (4-9 classes) - basic general secondary education; 11-12th years of study (10-11 classes) - complete general secondary education. The new curriculum includes 17 teaching courses instead of 24-27. The maximum study load is from 30 to 40 class hours per week in basic and senior school stages. It is planned to make the third stage of secondary education a lyceum one with two-year periods of study corresponding to classes 10 and 11. It is planned to introduce 5 types of lyceums and gymnasiums: general, humanistic, scientific, artistic and polytechnic. The certificate of lyceum education gives right of admission to any higher education institution. In 2001/02 there were 86 gymnasiums, 25 lyceums and 5 colleges.

Higher education:

The Belarussian system of higher education includes educational, research and governing institutions that use unified official standards and rules in the processes of teaching, management, assessment and research. Higher education is provided by public (State) and private (non-State) accredited higher education institutions (HEIs). Education in public HEIs is free of charge for students who passed the entrance competition. In private HEIs, all students pay tuition fees. Higher education is under the supervision of the Ministry of Education, which is responsible for the accreditation and licensing of HEIs and developing and applying the State Educational Standards. Since 1994, the higher education system included: a diploma of higher education after 5 years of study (specialist diploma); a bachelor degree certificate after 5 years of study and a master after one additional year following the first degree. Now, the implementation of the two-level system of higher education is underway and comprises a Baklavar in 4 years and a Master or Specialist Diploma in one to two years depending on the field of study. In 2005, Belarus has 44 state higher education institutions (25 universities, 9 academies, 4 institutes, 5 colleges and 1 technical school) with 272,900 students; and 13 private higher education institutions with 163,500 full-time, 1,800 part-time and 107,600 distance students.

Main laws/decrees governing higher education:

Decree: Concept of the Development of Higher Education in the Republic of Belarus Year: 1998

Concerns: All higher education institutions

Decree: Law about the Studies of Foreign Citizens in the Republic of Belarus Year: 1993

Concerns: All higher education institutions

Decree: Law on Education in the Republic of Belarus Year: 1991

Concerns: All higher education institutions.

Decree: Law on Education in the Republic of Belarus Year: 2001

Concerns: All higher education institutions

Decree: Regulation on Certification and Accreditation of Educational Institutions. Year: 1994

Concerns: All education instutions

Decree: Regulation on the Multi-level System of Belarus' Higher Education System Year: 1994

Concerns: All higher education institutions

Academic year:

Classes from: Sep to: Jul

Long vacation from: 1 Jul to: 31 Aug

Languages of instruction: Byelorussian, Russian

Stages of studies:

Non-university level post-secondary studies (technical/vocational type):

Non-university level:

In Belarus, there are two levels of professional post-secondary education. The lower level is offered in Tekhnikums/uchilishche and colleges after basic general education and lasts from 2 to 3 years of study. The upper level is offered after secondary general education in Tekhnikums/uchilishche and colleges after basic general education and lasts from 2 to 3 years of study. Students from this level can then enter University in the same field of study and obtain up to two years of transfer credits.

 

University level studies:

University level first stage: Bakalavr:

From 2002, the first level of higher education is leading to the Bakalavr (Bachelor's degree). It provides with professional proficiency and entitles to work and take the positions for which a certain level of education is mandatory. The Bakalavr is awarded in all fields except in Medicine after defending a Diploma project and sitting for a final state exam. In Medicine, this first stage lasts for 6 years.

University level second stage: Specialist Diploma / Magistr:

The second level of higher education leads to the Specialist Diploma or the Magistr (Master's Degree) after one -or two years of study following upon the Bakalavr's degree.  Access to these programme is competitive. The Magistr is awarded after one year of study and the presentation and defence of a thesis. The Specialist Diploma (Diplom o Vyshem Obrazovanii) is awarded upon completion of at least one year's study after the Bakalavr or in five to six years' study beyond the Attestat o Srednem Obrazovanii in some fields. The Specialist Diploma is a professional qualification that gives right to the exercice of professional activities and to apply for doctoral programmes.

University level third stage: Aspirantura and Doktorantura:

This stage corresponds to the training of scientific and pedagogical personnel. There is a two-level system of scientific degrees. The first is that of Candidate of Sciences. It requires at least 3 years of study in postgraduate courses, special examinations and the public defence of a thesis. Following this, the student is awarded the degree of Kandidat Nauk (Candidate of Sciences).The second level is that of Doctor of Sciences. Holders of the Kandidat Nauk can prepare a Doctorate. After following the required research programme, candidates are awarded the highest scientific degree of Doktor Nauk (Doctor of Sciences). The thesis is also defended in public.The Dissertation Councils are supervised by the State Supreme Certifying Committee (Vysshij Attestatsionnyj Komitet, VAK) of the Republic of Belarus.It is possible to do doctorate research and sit for a scientific degree while not following postgraduate courses. Higher education and research establishments support such persons and provide them with a supervisor.

 

Teacher education:

Training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers

Primary school teachers are trained at specialized secondary institutions (teacher-training schools and teacher-training colleges) where courses last for 3-4 years, and at the faculties of Pedagogy and Methods of Primary Education of pedagogical universities or institutes, where studies last for 4 to 5 years.

Training of secondary school teachers

Secondary school teachers are trained at specialized secondary education institutions and pedagogical universities and institutes. General secondary education or specialized secondary education is the condition of access to universities or institutes. The qualification awarded is teacher of ... (for example, teacher of Mathematics and Physics or teacher of Chemistry). Teachers for vocational secondary schools are trained in pedagogical higher education institutions, universities and in some technical higher education institutions where engineers-teachers are trained.

Training of higher education teachers

Higher education lecturers are trained in their specialities in institutes or universities and, after graduation, start their activity as assistant lecturers in order to gain practical experience in their areas of expertise. Every five years, they must enrol in up-grading courses to improve their teaching skills as well as their knowledge in the field. Furthermore, there is a system of training of scientific and pedagogical staff at post-graduate level.

 

Non-traditional studies:

Distance higher education

Distance training is provided by virtual universities (through Internet) such as Hagen Correspondence University which provides studies leading to a Master of Humanities and started operating in Belarus in 1996. Students must hold a secondary school leaving certificate. There is no age restriction and no entrance examination. There are also franchising institutions which are branches of foreign higher education institutions functioning in Belarus.

Lifelong higher education

Lifelong education consists in external studies.

Higher education training in industry

Some upgrading courses for industrial workers and professionals of different branches of the national economy exist.

 

 

NATIONAL BODIES

Administration & co-ordination:

Responsible authorities:

Ministry of Education

Head: Aleksandr Radzkov, Minister

Administrative officer: Yurij Miksyk, Director - Higher Education

Ul. Sovetskaja 9
220010 Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375 (17) 2274736

Fax: +375 (17) 2208483

EMail: root@minedu.unibel.by

WWW: http://www.minedu.unibel.by

 

Role of governing body: Provides state education policy, controls quality of education, finances educational establishments in the limits of budget allocations, licensing of new institutions, granting accreditation.

 

Rectors' Council of Higher Educational Institutes of Belarus

Head: Vladimir Shimov, President

Belarus State Economic University, 28 Partyzanskij Prospekt
220070 Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2494030

Fax: +375(17) 2495106

EMail: rector@bseu.by

WWW: http://www.bseu.by

 

 

National Institute for Higher Education

Head: Michael Demchuk, Rector

Administrative officer: Ludmila Rudova, Chief of Department for Evaluation and Recognition (Belarusian ENIC)

Ul. Moskovskaja 15
220001 Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2281313

Fax: +375(17) 2228315

EMail: rudova@nihe.niks.by;enic@nihe.niks.by

WWW: http://www.nihe.niks.by

 

Role of governing body: Responsible for educational research and information on higher education, the Institute also provides training courses to new rectors, deans and department heads and acts as Belarussian ENIC.

 

Academy for Postgraduate Education

Head: Oleg Tavgen

Ul. Nekrasova 20
220040 Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2857828

Fax: +375(17) 2857868

EMail: academy@academy.edu.by

WWW: http://www.academy.edu.by

 

 

 

ADMISSIONS TO HIGHER EDUCATION

Admission to non university higher education studies

Name of secondary school credential required: Attestat o Srednem Obrazovanii

Admission to university-level studies

Name of secondary school credential required: Diplom o Srednem Spetsialnom Obrazovanii

Minimum score/requirement: satisfactory

For entry to: All accredited higher education institutions; all programmes

Name of secondary school credential required: Diploma of  Vocational Education

Minimum score/requirement: satisfactory

For entry to: All accredited higher education institutions; all programmes

Name of secondary school credential required: Attestat o Srednem Obrazovanii

Minimum score/requirement: satisfactory

For entry to: All accreidted higher education institutions; all programmes

Entrance exams required: Examination in three-four subjects for most universities.

Numerus clausus/restrictions: Higher education institutions are given the academic freedom to establish or not privileges for entrants having followed advanced training at lyceums or gymnasiums or for entrants having finished school with excellent marks. Special ability requirements are set for artistic studies, physical education and architectural preservation studies. A certain age limit is set for full-time students.

Other admission requirements: There can be an interview in one subject instead of several exams. The applicant can enter a preparatory department and study for one year before trying to enter the higher education establishment.

Foreign students admission

Definition of foreign student: A foreign citizen who trains at a Belarussian higher education institution and does not have Belarussian citizenship

Admission requirements: Students must hold a secondary school-leaving certificate or an equivalent qualification to that of general secondary school in Belarus. They must submit a valid passport, a notorized copy of their secondary education qualification, a medical certificate and 6 photos. They are then sent an invitation so as to obtain an entry visa. For postgraduate courses, students must hold a Master's Degree. The rules of admission and instruction are specified in the Regulations concerning Training Foreign Citizens in the Republic of Belarus approved by the decree of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of July 7, 1993. Admission documents must be submitted at least two-and-a-half months before classes begin in Belarussian, Russian, English, French or Spanish. Admission requirements for foreign students are adopted by the higher education institutions if they are not otherwise provided for by inter-state agreements. Foreign students sign a contract with the institution.

Entry regulations: Students must hold a visa and have financial guarantees.

Health requirements: A medical certificate is required.

Language requirements: Foreign students who have no command of the language of instruction can follow a one-year course at a preparatory department of the institution where they study the language of instruction and specialization subjects that are relevant for the chosen course. At the end of the year, they must sit for an examination. Successful students obtain a graduation certificate and are admitted to the basic course of study in the chosen speciality. Those who fail are dismissed from the institution and asked to leave the country.

Application procedures:

Apply to individual institution for entry to: All higher education institutions and all academic and pre-academic programmes

Apply to:

Ministry of Education

9 Sovetskaya Ul.
220010 Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 226 5159

Fax: +375(17) 220 8483

EMail: root@minedu.unibel.by

WWW: http://www.minedu.unibel.by

 

Application closing dates:

For non-university level (technical/vocational type) studies: 15 Jul

Recognition of studies & qualifications:

Studies pursued in home country (System of recognition/accreditation): Higher education institutions that are accredited by the Ministry of Education may issue State Diplomas which are recognized within the country. Non-accredited HEIs have no right to issue diplomas.

Studies pursued in foreign countries (bodies dealing with recognition of foreign credentials):

National'nyj Tsentr Ekspertiz I Priznanija Documentov i Kvalificatsij Obrazovanija (National Centre for Evaluation and Recognition, Belarusian ENIC)

Head: Siarhei Vetokhin, Vice-Rector, Head of Belarussian ENIC

Ul. Moskovskaja 15
220001 Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2228315/ 2281313

Fax: +375(17) 2228315

EMail: enic@nihe.niks.by; rudova@nihe.niks.by

WWW: http://www.nihe.niks.by

 

Deals with credential recognition for entry to: University

Services provided & students dealt with: Recognition of foreign studies, diplomas and degrees; evaluation and recognition of partial studies undertaken or experience obtained abroad.Development of normative quality assurance and recognition system. Organization of seminars. Publication of materials and methodological documents on problems of quality assurance and recognition system.

 

The Supreme Attestation Committee (VAK)

Head: Anatolij Rubinov

Scaryna Avenue 66
Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2840855

 

Services provided & students dealt with: Recognition of doctoral degrees

 

Special provisions for recognition:

For access to non-university post-secondary studies: Applicants must submit complete official academic documents together with their application form to the institution.

For access to university level studies: Applicants must submit complete official academic documents together with their application form to the institution.

For access to advanced studies and research: Applicants must submit complete official academic documents together with their application form to the institution or research institute.

For the exercise of a profession: Applicants must submit complete official academic documents together with their application form to the appropriate Ministry.

Multilateral agreements concerning recognition of foreign studies

Name of agreement: Agreement on Equivalence of Documents that certify Education, Scientific Degrees and Academic Ranks

Year of signature: 1998

Name of agreement: Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the Europe Region (Lisbon 1997)

Year of signature: 2002

Name of agreement: Paris Convention. Convention for the recognition of studies, diplomas and degrees concerning higher education in the states belonging to the European region

Year of signature: 1979

Name of agreement: Prague Convention. Convention of Socialist countries for the mutual recognition or equivalence of education documents, scientific degrees and titles

Year of signature: 1972

Bilateral agreements concerning recognition of foreign credentials

Name of agreement: Bilateral Agreement on Equivalence of Documents that certify Education, Scientific Degrees and Academic Ranks

Year of signature: 1996

Country/state involved: Russian Federation

Name of agreement: Bilateral Agreement on Equivalence of Documents that Certify Education, Scientific Degrees and Academic Ranks

Year of signature: 1997

Country/state involved: China

Name of agreement: Bilateral Agreement on Equivalence of Documents that certify Education, Scientific Degrees and Academic Ranks

Year of signature: 1997

Country/state involved: Ukraine

Name of agreement: Bilateral Agreement on Equivalence of Documents that Certify Higher Education, Scientific and Arts Degrees

Year of signature: 2005

Country/state involved: Poland

Name of agreement: Draft Bilateral Agreement on Cooperation

Country/state involved: Romania

Name of agreement: Draft Bilateral Agreement on Cooperation

Country/state involved: Slovak Republic

Name of agreement: Draft Bilateral Agreement on Cooperation

Country/state involved: Czech Republic

References to further information on foreign student admissions and recognition of studies

Title: Directory of Accredited Higher Education Institutions (in Russian and Belarussian)

Author: Ministry of Education

Publisher: Ministry of Education

Year of publication: 2003

Title: Higher Education in Belarus

Author: S. Vetokhin

Publisher: National Institute of Higher Education, Belarussian ENIC

Year of publication: 2001

Title: Student Handbook (3rd edition)

Author: Council of Europe

Publisher: Bock Verlag in Germany

Year of publication: 1997

 

STUDENT LIFE

Main student services at national level

Division of International Education and Cooperation, Ministry of Education

Ul Sverdlova 7
Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2264975/ 2207693

Fax: +375(17) 2271736

 

Category of services provided: Academic and career counselling services

Services available to foreign Students: Yes

 

National student associations and unions

Belarussian Association of "UNESCO" Clubs

Ul. Kabushkina 18
220118 Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2642555

 

Belarussian Association of Student Architects

K Marx 14
220050 Minsk
Belarus

Fax: +375(17) 2649923

 

Belarussian Coordination Centre of Students Research Transactions

Ul. Bobruiskaya 9-418
220050 Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2265710

 

Union of Belarussian Students

P.O. Box 493
Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2373738

Fax: +375(17) 2101637

EMail: Bsa@bsa.org.by

 

Health/social provisions

Social security for home students: Yes

Foreign student social security provisions: Health care for home students is free and provided by students' polyclinics. Foreign students may take out a health insurance policy with a Belarussian insurance company.

Special student travel fares:

By road: Yes

By rail: Yes

By air: Yes

Available to foreign students: Yes

Student expenses and financial aid

Student costs:

Home students tuition fees: Minimum: 0 (Belarussian Ruble)

Maximum: 3000 (US Dollar)

Foreign students tuition fees: Minimum: 1000 (US Dollar)

Maximum: 3000 (US Dollar)

Type of financial aid available:

Scholarships/grants/fellowships:

First Degree studies:

Home: Yes

Foreign: No

Advanced/doctoral studies:

Home: Yes

Foreign: No

Bodies providing information on student financial aid:

Division of International Education and Cooperation, Ministry of Education

Ul. Sredlova 7
Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2264975/ 2007693

Fax: +375(17) 227 1736

 

Deals with: Grants

Publications on student services and financial aid:

Title: Scholarship for Study and Research in Belarus

Author: Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus

Publisher: Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus

 

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION & EXCHANGES

Principal national bodies responsible for dealing with international cooperation and exchanges in higher education:

Department for Foreign Relations, Ministry of Education

Head: Gennadij Piatigor, ,

Ul. Sovetskaja, 9
22010 Minsk
Belarus

Tel: +375(17) 2264975/ 2007693

Fax: +375(17) 2271736

EMail: piatigor@bseu.by

 

Participation of country in multilateral or bilateral higher education programmes

Name of exchange programme: ACCELS

Name of exchange programme: Agreement on cooperation with Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Yugoslavia

Name of exchange programme: Bilateral agreement on cooperation with China, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Germany

Name of exchange programme: COPERNICUS

Name of exchange programme: DAAD

Name of exchange programme: INTAS

Name of exchange programme: IREX

Name of exchange programme: TEMPUS/TACIS

Name of exchange programme: UNDP

 

GRADING SYSTEM

Usual grading system in secondary school

Full Description: 2-5:  5 excellent; 4 good; 3 satisfactory; 2 unsatisfactory (mark 1 does not exist, some schools have introduced mark 6).Since 2000 some secondary schools use the following system: 5: Excellent (10-9); 4: Good (8-7-6); 3: Satisfactory (5-4-3); 2: Unsatisfactory (2); 1: Totally Unsatisfactory (1).

Highest on scale: 5

Pass/fail level: 3/2

Lowest on scale: 2

Main grading system used by higher education institutions

Full Description: 2-5; 5: excellent; 4: good; 3: satisfactory; 2: unsatisfactory. Since 2001, some HEIs have been experimenting the following marking system: 5 excellent 10.9; 4 good 8.7.6; 3 satisfactory 5.4.3

Highest on scale: 5 (excellent) or 10 (new system)

Pass/fail level: 3 (satisfactory)

Lowest on scale: 2 (unsatisfactory)

Other main grading systems

There is also a credit (zachet) system which is the result of a test (not an examination) for credit and indicates that all requirements have been met. Since 2000 some secondary schools (as an experiment) use the following marking system: 5 excellent 10.9: 4 good 8.7.6; 3 satisfactory 5.4.3.Awarded/Not awarded: for Kandidat Nauk and Doctor Nauk dissertations

 

NOTES ON HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM

 

 

Data for academic year: 2005-2006

Source: IAU from Belarussian ENIC, 2006



Copyright İ IAU, World Higher Education Database (WHED)









EuroEducation Net | admin@euroeducation.net
CopyrightİEuroEducation || Terms of Use | Disclaimer | Cookie Policy